BBC News – Hosni Mubarak was thrust by violence into the leadership of the Arab world’s most populous country, and was forced out by a wave of popular protest.
Stability had been the watchword of his presidency, with emergency law – which prevented gatherings of more than five people – lasting throughout the 30 years of his rule.
But in January 2011, inspired by the revolution in Tunisia, Egypt erupted in unprecedented protest.
The country saw weeks of sustained demonstrations by protesters frustrated by poverty, corruption, unemployment and autocratic rule.
In a televised address on 1 February, Mr Mubarak announced…